Background[ edit ] The Khmer Rouge captured Phnom Penhthe capital of Cambodia, on April 17, and immediately ordered all the residents to evacuate the city. Soon, according to journalists, Cambodia resembled "a giant prison camp with the urban supporters of the former regime being worked to death on thin gruel and hard labor. As virtually no Westerners were allowed to visit Cambodia, those refugees plus the official news outlets of the Khmer Rouge were the principal sources of information about conditions in Cambodia for the next four years. Conservatives pointed to the actions of the Khmer Rouge as proof of the inherent evils of communism and evidence that the U.
Buddhism has existed in Cambodia since at least the 5th century CE. Islam is the religion of a majority of the Cham also called Khmer Islam and Malay minorities in Cambodia.
According to Po Dharmathere weretoMuslims in Cambodia as late as Persecution under the Khmer Rouge eroded their numbers, however, and by the late s they probably had not regained their former strength. Po Dharma divides the Muslim Cham in Cambodia into a traditionalist branch and an orthodox branch.
Christianity was introduced into Cambodia by Roman Catholic missionaries in However, it made little headway at first, particularly among Buddhists. In there were probably about 20, Christians in Cambodia, most Cambodian writing whom were Roman Catholics.
According to Vatican statistics, inmembers of the Roman Catholic Church in Cambodia numbered , making it, at that time, the second largest religion in the country.
In Apriljust before repatriation, estimates indicate that about 50, Catholics were Vietnamese. Many of the Catholics remaining in Cambodia in were Europeans—chiefly French. American Protestant missionary activity increased in Cambodia, especially among some of the hill tribes and among the Cham, after the establishment of the Khmer Republic.
The census, which reported 2, Protestants in Cambodia, remains the most recent statistic for the group. Observers reported that in there were more registered Khmer Christians among the refugees in camps in Thailand than in all of Cambodia before Kiernan notes that, until Junefive weekly Protestant services were held in Phnom Penh by a Khmer pastor, but that they had been reduced to a single weekly service after police harassment.
There are no dioceses, but there are three territorial jurisdictions - one Apostolic Vicariate and two Apostolic Prefectures. Highland tribal groups, most with their own local religious systems, probably number fewer thanpersons. The Khmer Loeu have been loosely described as animistsbut most tribal groups have their own pantheon of local spirits.
In general they see their world filled with various invisible spirits often called yangsome benevolent, others malevolent. They associate spirits with rice, soil, water, fire, stones, paths, and so forth. Sorcerers or specialists in each village contact these spirits and prescribe ways to appease them.
In times of crisis or change, animal sacrifices may be made to placate the anger of the spirits. Illness is often believed to be caused by evil spirits or sorcerers. Some tribes have special medicine men or shamans who treat the sick. In addition to belief in spirits, villagers believe in taboos on many objects or practices.
Among the Khmer Loeu, the Rhade and Jarai groups have a well-developed hierarchy of spirits with a supreme ruler at its head. According to traditional beliefs, however, confinement and childbirth expose the family, and especially the mother and the child to harm from the spirit world.
A woman who dies in childbirth—crosses the river chhlong tonle in Khmer is believed to become an evil spirit.Khmer English dictionary (or Cambodian) online translation, grammar.
The Golden age of Cambodia was between the 9th and 14th century, during the Angkor period, during which it was a powerful and prosperous empire that flourished .
Cambodian native Meng Lim 95C took the bench for the first time in January as superior court judge for the Tallapoosa judicial circuit in rural West Georgia. "It is a virtual certainty that great victories will be claimed in the Cambodian invasion, and that the military will release reports of arms caches and rice destroyed, military bases demolished, and much killing of 'North Vietnamese,' i.e., people who find themselves in the way of an American tank or in an area bombed or strafed.
The Khmer alphabet closely resembles the Thai and Lao alphabets, which developed from it. Notable features. Type of writing system: syllabic alphabet in which each consonant has two forms, one with an inherent /a/ (first series) and one with an inherent /o/ (second series).
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